Peer-reviewed publications by the OHI team; * indicates open access.
Scroll down for OHI+ reports and publications.

OHI assessments


website with all data and supplementary methods

Best Practices
U.S. West Coast
  • Halpern et al. 2014, PLoS ONE*. Assessing the health of the U.S. West Coast with a regional-scale application of the Ocean Health Index. (data)
  • Selig et al. 2015, Ecosystem Services. Measuring indicators of ocean health for an island nation: The Ocean Health Index for Fiji.
  • Longo et al. 2017, Frontiers in Marine Science. Using the Ocean Health Index to Identify Opportunities and Challenges to Improving Southern Ocean Ecosystem Health.
  • O’Hara et al. 2020, PLoS ONE*. Changes in ocean health in British Columbia from 2001 to 2016.
  • Daigle et al. 2017, PLoS ONE*. Incorporating public priorities in the Ocean Health Index: Canada as a case study.
  • Burgass et al. 2018, Regional Environmental Change*. A pan-Arctic assessment of the status of marine social-ecological systems.

OHI supporting methods

Cumulative Human Impacts
Reference points
  • Samhouri et al. 2012, Ecosphere. Sea Sick? Setting targets to assess ocean health and ecosystem services.
  • Frazier et al. 2016, PLoS ONE*. Mapping Uncertainty Due to Missing Data in the Global Ocean Health Index.
Goal weighting
  • Daigle et al. 2016, Marine Policy. From coast to coast: Public perception of ocean-derived benefits in Canada.
  • Halpern et al. 2013, Marine Policy. Elicited preferences for components of ocean health in the California Current.
  • Jacobsen et al. 2014, Marine Policy. A global synthesis of the economic multiplier effects of marine sectors.

Marine assessments

  • Katona et al. 2017, OpenChannels: Forum for Ocean Planning and Management*. Navigating the seascape of ocean management: waypoints on the voyage toward sustainable use.

  • Borja et al. 2016, Frontiers in Marine Science*. Overview of Integrative Assessment of Marine Systems: The Ecosystem Approach in Practice.

  • IOC-UNESCO and UNEP 2016 Large Marine Ecosystems: Status and Trends. Nairobi.
    • Halpern, & Frazier 2016. Chapter 7.7: Cumulative human impacts in the world’s large marine ecosystems. pp 225-237.
    • Halpern et al. 2016. Chapter 7.8: Ocean Health Index for the world’s large marine ecosystems. pp. 239–249.
    • Kleisner et al. 2016. Chapter 8: Identifying patterns of risk among large marine ecosystems using multiple indicators. pp 253–287.
  • Blasiak et al. 2016, Marine Policy. Local and regional experiences with assessing and fostering ocean health.

OHI+ documentation

New Caledonia
Hawaii — Main Hawaiian Islands